来源：河南成人教育 时间：2020-12-18 17:27:28 【河南成考网：河南成人高考信息门户】
Ⅰ . Phonetics (5 points)
Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter
combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that
is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the
corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
1. A. die
2. A. exchange
3. A. Russian
4. A. toothache
5. A. constitution
Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)
Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentencethere are four
choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
6. When the students did badly, the teacher became really and didn't smile for weeks.
7. New ideas have been put into practice he was elected our leader.
8. Harry sided Simon on this issue and they were able to block the project.
9. Don't feel like out today.(成人高考#p#分页标题#e#更多完整资料免费提供加 微信/QQ：3057693737)
C. to go
10. Tonight we are probably going to eat in the hotel restaurant and then get to bed early. I hate staying in hotels but it's part of job.
11. I want to have this by tomorrow morning.
12. I waiting for about an hour when she came.
A. had been
B. have been
C. have had
13. He is always complaining about one thing or #p#分页标题#e#
14. Nothing is as as one's health.
15. Robert goes to the gym only two or three times a year. He goes to the gym.
16. If you had had an umbrella, you wet.(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供加 微信/QQ：3057693737)
A. would havegotten
B. would not have gotten
C. will not get
D. will have gotten
17. He is suffering from hay fever. He needs to see a doctor, #p#分页标题#e#?
A. is he
B. did he
C. won't he
D. doesn't he
18. Unfortunately, Mary has friends in New York.
A. a few
19. Everybody should try to do best on the exam.
20. Does he remember what he was doing ?
A. by the time
B. just in time
C. in no time
D. at the time
Ⅲ. Cloze (30 points)
Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Scientists in the UK have announced that the piranhafish's reputation #p#分页标题#e# 21 a fearsome 22may well not be deserved. The fish, which is found in the Amazon in Brazil, have been 23as
deadly carnivores(食肉动物) that work in shoals to overwhelm their prey and strip it of its flesh in seconds.
However, experts 24 St Andrews University say that piranhas are omnivores(杂食动物) that
mainly eat fish, plants and insects. They form big groups not to hunt but to defend 25against
other predators, according to the team.
"Previously it was thought piranhas shoaled as it26them to form a cooperative hunting group," said Professor Anne Magurran. " 27 , we have found that it is primarily a defensive behavior. "
Piranhas can be attacked by animals 28 dolphins, caimans and large fish, so forming a shoal#p#分页标题#e# is a good way of 29being killed. Piranhas of 30age stay in the middle of the group for
31and the 32 of the shoal differs according to the level of 33When the water level is
34 , the fish form small groups as there is space to escape, but when the water level drops, they form large groups as protection 35 predators.
21. A. as
B. as if
C. as though
22. A. kill
23. A. told
24. A. out
25. A. them
26. A. able
B. is able
27. A. Thus
28. A. such
D. as such
29. A. prevent
30. A. reproduce
31. A. protection
32. A. rate
33. A. fate
34. A. high
35. A. for
Ⅳ. Reading Comprehension (60 points)
Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four
questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose
one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
The Man Booker Prize for Fiction is awarded every year for a novel written by a writer from the
Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland and it aims to represent the very best in contemporary
fiction. The prize was originally called the Booker-McConnell Prize, which was the name of the
company that sponsored it, though it was better-known as simply the "Booker Prize". In 2002, the Man Group became the sponsor and they chose the new name, keeping "Booker".
Publishers can submit books for consideration for the prize, but the judges can also ask for books to be submitted they think should be included. Firstly, the Advisory Committee give advice if there have been any changes to the rules for the prize and selects the people who will judge the books. The judging panel changes every year and usually a person is only a judge once.
Great efforts are made to ensure that the judging panel is balanced in terms of gender and professions within the industry, so that a writer, a critic, an editor and an academic are chosen along #p#分页标题#e#with a well-known person from wider society. However, when the panel of judges has been finalized, they are left to make their own decisions without any further involvement or interference from the prize sponsor.
The Man Booker judges include critics, writers and academics to maintain the consistent quality of the prize and its influence is such that the winner will almostcertainly see the sales increase
considerably, in addition to the ￡ 50,000 that comes with the prize.
36. The Man group
A. was forced to keep the name "Booker"
B. decided to include the name "Booker"
C. decided to keep the name "Booker-McConnell"
D. decided to use only the name "Booker"
37. Who advises on changes to the rules?
A. The sponsors.
B. The judging panel.
C. The advisory panel.
38. The judging panel
A. doesn't include women
B. includes only women
C. in only chosen from representatives of the industry
D. includes someone from outside the industry
39. The consistent quality of the prize
A. is guaranteed by the prize money#p#分页标题#e#
B. is guaranteed by the gender of the judges
C. is guaranteed by the make-up of the panel of judges
D. is guaranteed by the increase in sales of the winner
The pines belong to the coniferous(结球果的) class of trees; that is, trees which bear cones.
The pines may be told from the other coniferous trees by their leaves, which are in the form of needles two inches or more in length. These needles keep green throughout the entire year. This is characteristic of all coniferous trees, except the larch and cypress, which shed their leaves in winter.
The pines are widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere, and include about 80
distinct species with over 600 varieties. The species enumerated here are especially common in the eastern part of the United States, growing either native in the forest or under cultivation in the parks. The pines form a very important class of timber trees and produce beautiful effects when planted in groups in the parks.
How to tell them from each other: The pine needles are arranged in clusters. Each species has a
certain characteristic number of needles to the cluster and this fact generally provides the simplest and most direct way of distinguishing the different pines.
In the white pine there are five needles to each cluster, in the pitch pine three, and in the Scotch
pine two. The Austrian pine also has two needles to the cluster, but the difference in size and character #p#分页标题#e#of the needles will distinguish this species from the Scotch pine.
40. Which of the following statements is not a fact?
A. Pine trees are classified as coniferous.
B. Most pine trees remain green all year.
C. Pine trees are more useful for timber than for landscaping.
D. Pines are found throughout the Northern Hemisphere.
41. Which of the following trait is common to pine trees?
A. They differ among themselves by shades of green.
B. Their pine needles are arranged in clusters.
C. They are most common to the western United States.
D. They have different numbers of branches.
42. How are larch and cypress trees different from other pine trees?
A. They have an odd number of pine needles per cluster.
B. They shed their leaves in winter.
C. Their pine needles are longer than other varieties.
D. They are only found in cultivated parks.
43. Which pattern of organization is used?
C. Order of importance.
D. Spatial order.
Love is a wondrous state, deep, tender, and rewarding. Because of its intimate and personal
nature, it is regarded by some as an improper topic for experimental research. But, whatever our personal feelings may be, our assigned mission as psychologists is to analyze all facets (#p#分页标题#e#方面) of human and animal behavior into their component variables. So far as love or affection is concerned, psychologists have failed in this mission. The little we know about love does not transcend simple observation, and the little we write about it has been written better by poets and novelists. But of greater concern is the fact that psychologists tend to give progressively less attention to a motive which pervades our entire lives. Psychologists, at least psychologists who write textbooks, not only show no interest in the origin and development of love or affection, but they seem to be unaware of its very existence.
The apparent repression of love by modern psychologists stands in sharp contrast with the attitude taken by many famous and normal people. The word "love" has the highest reference frequency of any word cited in Bartlett's Book of Familiar Quotations. It would appear that this emotion has long had a vast interest and fascination for human beings, regardless of the attitude taken by psychologists ; but the quotations cited, even by famous and normal people, have a mundane redundancy. These authors and authorities have stolen love from the child and infant and made it the exclusive property of the adolescent and adult.
44. According to the passage,#p#分页标题#e#
A. poets and other authors have deemed romantic love the only type of love
B. only adults and adolescents are capable of feeling true love
C. modern psychologists realize the importance of studying love
D. love belongs solely in poetry books
45. The author probably supports which of the following statements?
A. Social science should not deal with human emotions.
B. Emotion is a vital aspect of the study of human behavior.
C. Love is too personal and improper for experimental research.
D. Psychology textbook writers do not feel love is an important emotion.
46. The best statement of the main idea for the passage is
A. Bartlett's book publishes quotations about love
B. love is a wondrous state, deep, tender and rewarding
C. psychologists write terrible textbooks because they ignore love
D. psychologist must study all aspects of human behavior, including love
47. The tone of the passage is best described as
Years ago, a cigarette commercial asked if you were smoking more, but enjoying it less. That#p#分页标题#e#
describes the way many of us live today. We are doing more, but enjoying it less. And when that doesn't work, we compound the problem. In our frantic search for satisfaction, we try stuffing still more into our days, never realizing that we are taking the wrong approach.
The truth is simple; so simple it is hard to believe. Satisfaction lies with less, not with more.
Yet, we pursue the myth that this thing, or that activity, will somehow provide the satisfaction we so desperately seek.
Arthur Lindman, in his devastating book, The Harried Leisure Class, described the futility of
pursuing more. His research focused on what people did with their leisure time. He found that as income rose, people bought more things to occupy their leisure time. But, ironically, the more things they bought, the less they valued any one of them. Carried to an extreme, he predicted massive boredom in the midst of tremendous variety. That was more than twenty years ago, and his prediction seems more accurate every year.
Lindman of course, is not the first to discover this. The writer of Ecclesiastes expressed the same
thought thousands of years ago. It is better, he wrote, to have less, but enjoy it more.
If you would like to enjoy life more, I challenge you to experiment with me. How could you
simplify your life? What could you drop? What could you do without? What could you stop pursuing? What few things could you concentrate on?
The more I learn, the more I realize that fullness of life does not depend on things. The more I#p#分页标题#e#
give up, the more I seem to gain. But words will never convince you. You must try it for yourself.
48. Arthur Lindman wrote
A. a novel
B. The Harried Leisure Class
D. an article on smoke
49. Lindman wrote his book
A. ten years ago
B. twenty years ago
C. more than twenty years ago
D. less than ten year ago
50. Based on the passage, we can make our life happier if we
A. get rid of useless things
B. buy more things
C. sell things we do not need
D. send things to our friends
51. Based on the passage, simplifying our life is
B. our duty
C. a good piece of advice
When the Old and New Cities of Jerusalem were reunited in 1967, a recently widowed Arab
woman, who had been living in Old Jerusalem since 1948, wanted to see once more the house in which #p#分页标题#e#she formerly lived. Now that the city was one, she searched for and found her old home. She knocked on the door of the apartment, and a Jewish widow came to the door and greeted her. The Arab woman explained that she had lived there until 1948 and wanted to look around. She was invited in and offered coffee. The Arab woman said, "When I lived here, I hid some valuables. If they are still here, I will share them with you half and half. " The Jewish woman refused. " If they belonged to you and are still here, they are yours. " After much discussion back and forth, they entered the bathroom, loosened the floor planks, and found a hoard of gold coins. The Jewish woman said, "I shall ask the government to let you keep them. " She did and permission was granted.
The two widows visited each other again and again, and one day the Arab woman told her, "You
know, in the 1948 fighting here, my husband and I were so frightened that we ran away to escape. We grabbed our belongings, took the children, and each fled separately. We had a three-month-old son. I thought my husband had taken him, and he thought I had. Imagine our grief when we were reunited in Old Jerusalem to find that neither of us had taken the child. "
The Jewish woman turned pale, and asked the exact date. The Arab woman named the date and
the hour, and the Jewish widow told her: " My husband was one of the Israeli troops that entered
Jerusalem. He came into this house and found a baby on the floor. He asked if he could keep the#p#分页标题#e# house and the baby, too. Permission was granted. "
At that moment, a twenty-year-old Israeli soldier in uniform walked into the room, and the Jewish woman broke down in tears. "This is your son," she cried. This is one of those incredible tales we hear. And the aftermath? The two women liked each other so much that the Jewish widow asked the Arab mother: "Look, we are both widows living alone. Our children are grown up. This house has brought you luck. You have found your son, or our son. Why don't we live together?" And they do.
52. When the Arab woman visited her former house, the Jewish woman invited her to
A. some lemon juice
B. some coffee
C. some tea
D. some milk
53. When the Arab woman told the Jewish woman that there might be a treasure in the house, the Arab woman suggested
A. keeping all the treasure
B. giving the treasure away
C. hiding the treasure
D. sharing the treasure
54. When the Jewish woman's husband entered the house for the first time he found
A. a boy
B. a girl #p#分页标题#e#
D. a woman and her son
55. Currently, the two women
A. are married again
B. frequently visit each other
C. live in different places
D. live together
Ⅴ. Daily Conversation (15 points)
Directions: Pick out five appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the
following dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
A. that would be nice
B. it's time for me to see my friends
C. What can do for you
D. Thanks for coming so quickly
E. I'll get them immediately
F. you may do me a favor
G. I'll have them cleaned
H. I enjoy it
Maria: (knocks on the room door) May I come in, madam?
Ms Anderson: Yes.56
Maria: Certainly, madam. How can I help you?
Ms Anderson: I'd like some fresh towels in the suite when I get back this evening.
Maria: 57Would you like me to also change the bed sheets?
Ms Anderson: Yes, 58Could you also turn down the covers?#p#分页标题#e#
Maria: Is there anything else I can do for you? Perhaps you have some laundry I can take to be
Ms Anderson: Now that you mention it, I do have some clothes in the laundry bag.
Maria: Very good, madam.59 and folded when you return.
Ms Anderson: Excellent. You know, it gets stuffy in this room.
Maria: I'd be happy to open the window while you are away. I'll make sure to close it before you return.
Ms Anderson: That's good to hear. Well, 60Today we're visiting a vineyard.
Maria: Enjoy your day, madam.
Directions：For this part，you are supposed to write an essay in English in about l00-120words based on the following situation．Remember to write it clearly．
1．A 2．D 3．B 4．A 5．C
Ⅱ．Vocabulary and Structure
6．#p#分页标题#e#A 7．C 8．A 9．B l0．B ll．C l2．A l3．A l4．C l5．D l6．B l7．D
18．B l9．D 20．D
8．考查动词与介词的搭配。Side with支持、赞助，side against联合反对，side round和side
9．考查固定词组。Feel like doing sth．想／喜欢做某事(固定词组)。选项B是正确的。【句子大意】今天不想出门。
13．考查常用短语。0ne thing or another一件事，另一件事。这个不是固定词组，但常被连起来使用。选项A是正确的。【句子大意】他总是在抱怨，不是这件事就是那件事。
20．考查介词短语。By the time到……时候，just in time刚好，in no time很快地，at the time那时。选项D是正确的。【句子大意】他还记得当时他在干什么吗?
21．A 22．B 23．D 24．C 25．B 26．D 27．B 28．C 29．D 30．B 31．A
32．B 33．C 34．A 35．B
29．食人鱼群体活动的目的是避免被杀戮(being killed)。Prevent sb．from doing sth．防止某
36．B 37．C 38．D 39．D
40．C 41．B 42．B 43．A
44．C 45．C 46．B 47．A
48．B 49．C 50．A 51．C
52．B 53．D 54．A 55．D
56．D 57．E 58．A 59．G 60．B
Nowadays, teen violence has become a big issue in our society.
There are mainly three reasons for the teen violence. Troubled family can influence children and
cause them to become easy to be violent because of their parents' frequent quarrels and fights.
Secondly, disordered neighborhood encourages disordered behavior. Friendly relationship among these neighbors is generally lacking. Some teenagers even get involved with violent gangs. Media is another#p#分页标题#e# factor to cause teen violence. More and more violent movies, violent computer games, etc. come out to give teenager a wrong signal that Violence is some kind of exciting and cool things to do.
To prevent teen violence, adults' behavior should be changed in both family and neighborhood and adults should understand and be close with teenagers. The government should be involved too, to limit the violent movies and computer games.
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