来源：河南成人教育 时间：2020-12-18 16:58:23 【河南成考网：河南成人高考信息门户】
Part IDialogue Communication ( 15 % )
Directions: In this section, you will read 15 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each followed by 4 choices marked A ,B , C and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete the dialogue by marking the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
1. Speaker A: Firstly, allow me to introduce myself. My name is John Brown, manager of the company.
A. You must be mistaken. I don' t know you at all.
B. Hello, Brown! I haven' t seen you for ages.
C. How do you do, Mr. Brown? Very happy to see you.
D. Hi, John! Welcome to China.
2. W: How long can I keep the book?
A. Yes. You can keep it.
B. No. I' m afraid you should return it now.
C. Three weeks. But you can renew it if you need it for a longer time.
D. You can take it at any time you want.
3. Speaker A: Take a seat, Mr. Brown. Could you tell me which position you think most appeals to
A. Well, I' m easy-going and have many personal interests.
B. I' m strong-willed and determined.
C. I prefer to take the post of sales manager if you think I' m qualified.
D. I don' t quite care whatever is offered to me.
4. W: I was thinking of staying in tonight to surf the Internet, do you want to join me?
A. Staying in tonight to surf the Internet? It' s a good idea. Enjoy yourself.
B. Join you with the Internet? What about the Internet?#p#分页标题#e#
C. What I want to do is nothing else but take a walk.
D. Not really. I work on the computer all day long. I need a break from computer' s screen.
5. Speaker A: I wonder if Ann will come. It' s 8:30 now and she was supposed to come at 8: 00.
A. She assured me she would start at 7: 30. Maybe she had been held up by the traffic.
B. You shouldn' t be wondering. I believe she won' t come.
C. Don' t worry. Let' s wait here until she comes.
D. Yes. I do agree with you.
6. M:What are you doing?
W:Trying to get this wine stain(污渍) out of the carpet.
M:Hang on. There' s some soda here. It should take the stain right out.
W :Really? Hey,
A. it is really functioning.
B. it is really working.
C. it is really playing.
D. it is really influencing.
7. Endy : Hi, Tom. How is everything?
A. I don' t care at all.
B. No good, thanks.
C. Not bad. How are you?
D. Thank you for asking.
8. Grandpa: Robbie, we' ll go fishing soon, and we' ll take your Dad with us.#p#分页标题#e#
Grandson: I'm ready, Grandpa.
A. You name the day.
B. Enjoy yourselves.
C. You can' t miss it.
D. Take your time.
9. Teacher: Where is Mike this morning?
Student: He' s got a cold.
A. Just tell him to take it easy.
B. He is absent.
C. What' s the matter with him ？
D. What? Where is he?
10. W: How was the job interview? I think you make a good journalist(记者).
A. Well. My application was a journalist.
B. Well. I gave it up as I was a journalist.
C. Well. The interview is OK. But I want to be a journalist.
D. Well. The people interviewed were not very cooperative.
11. Speaker A: Have you ever done any work in this field?
Speaker B :
A. It doesn' t mean I can' t do it well without experience.
B. No. But we did some practice in class.
C. Maybe I can try it now.
D. This is just the chance for me to practice.#p#分页标题#e#
12. W : This book is great. I can' t put it down.
A. What? I can' t imagine your being excited by a book.
B. Sorry. Books cannot attract you so much.
C. I doubt you are involved in something else.
D. Perhaps this book is something mysterious.
Customer: Yes, I' ll have a cheeseburger, with French fries(薯条).
A. What do you want to eat?
B. Have you decided what to have yet?
C. Excuse me, are you ready to order now?
D. Excuse me, but who' s like to order?
14. W: How did you do with your essay for Professor Black Scott?
A. Everything is OK. But I failed to finish it.
B. Professor Smith Scott didn' t work successfully enough to let me believe in him.
C. Nonsense. It' s not your business.
D. Not too bad, it took me almost 10 hours.
15. Mary: Tom, would you like to go to a party this Sunday?
Tom： #p#分页标题#e# What kind of party ?
Mary: It' s a birthday party.
A. Sounds good
B. Looks nice
C. Seems all right
D. Feels excellent
Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)
Directions : There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A ,B , C and D. You should decideon the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
Some psychologists(心理学家) maintain that mental acts such as thinking are not performed
in the brain alone, but that one' s muscles also participate. (76) It may be said that we think with
our muscles in somewhat the same way that we listen to music with our bodies.
You surely are not surprised to be told that you usually listen to music not only with your ears
but with your whole body. Few people can listen to music without moving their body or, more specifically, some part of their body. Often when one listens to a symphonic concert on the radio, he is attracted to direct the orchestra (乐队) even though he knows there is a good conductor on the job.
#p#分页标题#e#Strange as this behavior may be, there is a very good reason for it. One cannot derive all possible enjoyment from music unless he participates, so to speak, in its performance. The listener "feels" himself into the music with more or less noticeable motions of his body.
( 77 ) The muscles of the body actually participate in the mental process of thinking in the same
way, but this participation is less obvious because it is less noticeable.
1. Some psychologists think that thinking is
A. not a mental process
B. more of a physical process than a mental action
C. a process that involves our entire bodies
D. a process that involves the muscles as well as the brain
2. The process of thinking and that of listening to music are similar in that
A. both are mental acts
B. muscles participate in both processes
C. both processes are performed by the entire body
D. we derive equal enjoyment from them
3. Few people are able to listen to familiar music without
A. moving some part of their body
B. stopping what they are doing to listen
C. directing the orchestra playing it
D. wishing that they could conduct music properly
4. The listener's way of "feeling" the music is#p#分页标题#e#
A. the unnoticed motion of his muscles
B. "participating" in the performance
C. bending an ear to the music
D. being the conductor of the orchestra
5. According to the passage, muscle participation in the process of thinking is
Passage 2(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供加 微信/QQ：3057693737)
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
It is difficult to imagine what life would be like without memory. (78) The meanings of. thousands of everyday perceptions , the bases for the decisions we make, and the roots of our habits and
skills are to be found in our past experiences, which are brought into the present by memory.
Memory can be defined as the capacity to keep information available for later use. It includes
not only "remembering" things like arithmetic or historical facts, but also involving any change in
the way an animal typically behaves. (79)Memory is involved when a rat gives up eating grain be-#p#分页标题#e#
cause he has sniffed something suspicious in the grain pile. Memory is also involved when a six-
year-old child learns to swing a baseball bat.
Memory exists not only in humans and animals but also in some physical objects and machines. Computers, for example, contain devices for storing data for later use. It is interesting to
compare the memory-storage capacity of a computer with that of a human being. The instant-access memory of a large computer may hold up to 100,000 " words" --ready for instant use. An average U.S. teenager probably recognizes the meaning of about 100,000 words of English. However, this is but a fraction of the total amount of information which the teenager has stored. Consider, for example, the number of faces and places that the teenager can recognize on sight.
The use of words is the basis of the advanced problem-solving intelligence of human beings.
A large part of a person' s memory is in terms of words and combinations of words.
6. According to the passage, memory is considered to be
A. the basis for decision making and problem solving
B. an ability to store experiences for future use
C. an intelligence typically possessed by human beings
D. the data mainly consisting of words and combinations of words
7. The comparison made between the memory capacity of a large computer and that of a human being shows that
A. the computer' s memory has a little bigger capacity than a teenager' s#p#分页标题#e#
B. the computer' s memory capacity is much smaller that an adult human being' s
C. the computer' s memory capacity is much smaller even than a teenager' s
D. both A and B
8. The whole passage implies that
A. only human beings have problem-solving intelligence
B. a person' s memory is different from a computer' s in every respect
C. animals are able to solve only very simple problems
D. animals solve problems by instincts rather than intelligence
9. The phrase "in terms of" in the last sentence can best be replaced by
A. "in connection with"
B. "expressed by"
D. "by means of"
10. The topic of the passage is:
A. What would life be like without memory ?
B. Memory is of vital importance to life.
C. How is a person' s memory different from an animal' s or a computer' s?
D. What is contained in memory ?
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
Today anyone will accept money in exchange for goods and services. People use money to
buy food, furniture, books, bicycles and hundreds of others they need or want. When they work,
they usually get paid in money.#p#分页标题#e#
Most of the money today is made of metal or paper. But people used to use all kinds of things
as money. One of the first kinds of money was shells.
Shells were not the only things used as money. In China, cloth and knives were used. In the
Philippine Islands, rice was used as money. In some parts of Africa, cattle were one of the earliest
kinds of money. Other animals were used as money, too.
The first metal coins were made in China. They were round and had a square hole in the center. People strung them together and carried them from place to place.
Different countries have used different metals and designs for their money. The first coins in
England were made of tin. Sweden and Russia used copper to make their money. Later, other
countries began to make coins of gold and silver.
But even gold and silver were inconvenient if you had to buy something expensive. Again the
Chinese thought of a way to improve money. They began to use paper money. (80) The first paper
money looked more like a note from one person to another than paper money used today.
Money has had an interesting history from the days of shell money until today.
11. Which of the following can be cited as an example of the use of money in exchange for services?
A. To sell a bicycle for $20.
B. To get some money for old books at a garage sale.
C. To buy things you need or want.
D. To get paid for your work.
12. Where were shells used as money in history?
A. In the Philippines.
B. In China.#p#分页标题#e#
C. In Africa.
D. We don' t know.
13. Why, according to the passage, did ancient Chinese coins have a square hole in the center?
A. Because it would be easier to put them together and carry them around.
B. Because it would be lighter for people to carry them from place to place.
C. Because people wanted to make it look nicer.
D. Because people wanted to save the expensive metal they were made from.
14. Why does the author say that even gold and silver were inconvenient if you had to buy some-
A. Because they are easy to steal.
B. Because they are difficult for people to obtain.
C. Because they are not easy to carry around.
D. Because they themselves are expensive, too.
15. Which do you choose as the best title for this passage?
A. Money and Its Uses
B. Different Things Used as Money
C. Different Countries, Different Money
D. The History of Money
Part II Vocabulary and Structure (30 % )
Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.#p#分页标题#e#
16. Darkness doesn' t trouble cats, for they can see
A. in dark
B. in the dark
C. in a darkness
D. in darkness
17. The earthquake happened in
A. late 1960s
B. the late of 1960s
C. late of 1960s
D. late of the 1960s
18. If you want to become a doctor, you ought to study
B. the medicine
D. the literature
19. I' ve got today.
A. the bad toothache
B. a bad toothache
C. bad toothaches
D. the bad toothaches
20. "What' s in your hand?"
"It is a bill. "
A. two-thousand dollar
B. two thousand dollars
21. By the time the war , most of the people had already left.
A. broke out
B. broke up
22. My father was asked to the New York office.
A, take part in
B. take place
C. take over
D. take in
23. work has been done to improve people' s living standard.
B. A great many
C. A large number of
D. A great deal of
24. Lincoln thought it was wrong to keep Negroes slaves.
25. The search was when the fog got thicker.
A. called off
B. called on
C. called in#p#分页标题#e#
D. called for
26. After being tested in many ways, this newly-designed machine will in the near future.
A. take place
B. put into use
C. come into use
D. take action
27. If you associate with such people, I' m afraid you serious trouble.
A. are heading for
B. are making
C. are avoiding
D. are creating
28. From then on, a sound system of Party Committee meetings was in all leading bodies.
D. given up
29. The train will from Platform 2 at 3:45 on Tuesday morning.
30. A judge must be when weighing evidence.#p#分页标题#e#
31. At present time, people have a trend to live in the
32. This kind of work is me.
A. unfamiliar with
B. unfamiliar by
C. unfamiliar to
D. not unfamiliar of
33. You must the facts and should not run away from the truth.
34. It' s no use ringing me up at the office this week because I' m
A. by my leave
B. at leave
C. in holidays
D. on holiday
35. There is no mason why you should tell them that you are going.#p#分页标题#e#
A. for advance
B. in advance
C. on advance
D. of advancing
36. She and fell from the top of the stairs to the bottom.
37. He has arrived late
A. as usual
B. as usually
C. like usual
D. like usually
38. Have you any other reasons the ones you just mentioned above?
A. in addition to B. beside
C. off D. at addition with
39. I didn' t know what to do but then an idea suddenly me.
A. happened to
C. occurred to
D. took place
40. The dog frightened the little girl crying.
B. to #p#分页标题#e#
41. Have you ever had in your country?
A. a women' s boxer
B. a woman' s boxer
C. a women boxer
D. a woman boxer
42. May I have that is on the top shelf?
A. a bread
B. some bread
C. loaf of bread
D. the loaf of bread
43. In some countries are getting richer and richer.
A. rich B. the richC. riches. D. the riches
44. Play is usually more enjoyable than
A. a job
C. a work
45. The mini-skirt is
A. in fashions
B. in a fashion
C. in fashion
D. in the fashion
Part Ⅲ#p#分页标题#e#Identification ( 10 % )
Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined pans marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Part IV Cloze(10％)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices
marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Even a child knows that nodding head means "Yes". But some people would probably56when they first came to India. When they talked to57Indian, he would often shake his head. They58think that the India did not like59they said, but on the contrary, he was #p#分页标题#e#expressing60
The Indians61a habit of shaking their62slightly when they talk to63 It doesn' t mean "No", but "64". If a person doesn' t65, it might cause misunderstandings.
At one time, a foreign diplomat (外交官)66told his driver who was an Indian67him to his office. The driver68his head. The young diplomat repeated his69and the river shook his70again. At last, the71shouted angrily, "Drive me72my office at once!"73#p#分页标题#e#driver also in a quite loud74, "Yes, sir. "smiling and75his head at the same time.
56. A. puzzled
B. be puzzled
D. be puzzling
57. A. a
58. A. might
59. A. that
60. A. agree
61. A. having
62. A. head
63. A. anybody
64. A. Yes #p#分页标题#e#
65. A. know
66. A. to India
B. on India
C. at India
D. in India
67. A. send
C. to send
68. A. nodded
69. A. answer
70. A. hand
71. A. diplomat
72. A. at
73. A. A
74. A. sound
75. A. shaking
Part V Translation (20 % )(成人高考更多完整资料免费提供加 微信/QQ：3057693737)
Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so to identify their meanings in the context.
76. It may be said that we think with our muscles in somewhat the same way that we listen to music with our bodies. (Passage 1 )
77. The muscles of the body actually participate in the mental process of thinking in the same way, but this participation is less obvious because it is less noticeable. (Passage 1 )
78. The meanings of thousands of everyday perceptions, the bases for the decisions we make, and the roots of our habits and skills are to be found in our past experiences, which are brought into the present by memory. (Passage 2 )
79. Memory is involved when a rat gives up eating grain because he has sniffed something suspicious in the grain pile. (Passage 2 )#p#分页标题#e#
80. The first paper money looked more like a note from one person to another than paper money used today. ( Passage 3 )
Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.
Part V Writing ( 15% )
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic "The Important of Self-confidence". You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:
Part I Dialogue Communication．
1．C 2#p#分页标题#e#．C 3．C 4．D 5．A 6．B 7．C 8．A 9．A 10．A
11．B 12．A 13．C 14．D 15．A
Part I Reading Comprehension
9．B推理判断题。in terms of“根据；按照；用#p#分页标题#e#…来说”。如果不知道该短语的意思，也可通过主语“一个人的大部分记忆”和“词或词组”之间的关系来判断。本句的意思是一个人的大部分记忆都是靠词和词组表达出来的。
PartⅡ Vocabulary and Structure
16．B本题考查固定搭配。in the dark“在黑暗中”。旬意为：黑暗不会使猫烦恼的，因为它们在黑暗中能看见。
17．B本题考查固定搭配。in the l960s“在20世纪60年代”，如in the l890s“在19世纪90年代”，年份后面加s，表示几世纪几年代；late“晚期#p#分页标题#e#”，in the late of表示“在…的晚期”。句意为：地震发生在20世纪60年代的晚期。
18．A本题考查习惯用法。study+课程，表示“学…课程”，这时的课程无需加冠词。如study Chinese，study English等。句意为：如果你想成为一名医生，就应该学医学。
19．B本题考查动词短语。get／have a toothache“牙疼”，如9et／have a cold／headache“感冒／头疼”。句意为：我今天牙疼得厉害。
21．A本题考查动词短语。break out“(不愉快的事情)突然发生，爆发”；break up“打碎，拆散；结束”；intervene“(between)介入，插入；(in)干涉，干预”；happen“(偶然)发生； (to)碰巧”。句意为：战争爆发的时候，大多数人已经离开了。
22．C本题考查动词短语。take part in“参加”；take place“发生”；take over"“接管”；#p#分页标题#e#take in “吸收；理解”。句意为：我爸爸被要求接管纽约办公厅。
23．D本题考查修饰词的用法。many，a great many和a large number of都是修饰可数名词复数形式的；a great deal of修饰不可数名词。work是不可数名词，所以选D。句意为：为提高人们的生活水平已经做了很多工作了。
24．D本题考查动词搭配。keep in“保持；隐瞒”；keep at“坚持，持续”；没有keep as，keep for的用法。句意为：林肯认为让黑人一直做奴隶是不对的。
25．A本题考查动词短语。call off“取消；叫走”；call on“号召，呼吁；邀请；访问”；call in “召集，召来；来访”；call for“要求；提倡；为…#p#分页标题#e#叫喊”。句意为：雾变得越来越大导致调查取消了。
26．C本题考查动词短语。take place“发生；举行”；put into use“使用，利用”；come into use“开始被使用”；take action“采取行动”。句意为：经过几次测试，这款新型机器将在不久的将来被投入使用。
27．A本题考查动词搭配。head for trouble“自找麻烦”；make trouble“制造麻烦”；avoid“避免”；creat“创造”。句意为：如果你和这种人联合，恐怕你是在自找麻烦。
28．B本题考查动词用法。construct“建造(建筑物)；创立(学说等)”；institute“创立，设立 (机构，团体等)”；confirm“证实，证明”；give up“放弃”。句意为：从那时起，一个由主要团体组成的健全的党委会成立了。#p#分页标题#e#
29．A本题考查动词用法。depart“离开”后接from意为“从…离开”，后接for意为“出发去…”；arrive“到达”，后接at／in；stop的用法是stop to d0／doing sth．；derail“使出轨”。句意为：火车将在星期二的早上3：45从第二站台离开。
32．C本题考查短语搭配。sb．be familiar with sth．／sth．be familiar to sb．“对…熟悉”，其反义词是unfamiliar“不熟悉”。句意为：我对这种工作不熟悉。
33．D本题考查习惯用法。face the facts“面对事实”。句意为：你必须面对事实，而不应该逃避。
38．A本题考查介词用法。in addition to“除…之外(还)”；beside“在旁边”；0ff“从…离开”；没有at addition with这个短语。句意为：除了你上面提到的理由外，你还有其他的理由吗?
39．C本题考查动词辨析。happen to“发生(碰巧，正巧，偶然)”；enter“进入，参加，登录，开始”；0ccur to“在…心里出现；想起”；take place“发生”。句意为：我不知道该做什么，但过了一会儿脑中突然出现了一个想法。
40．A本题考查动词搭配。frighten sb．into doing sth．“吓唬某人做某事”。句意为：这条狗把小女孩吓哭了。
42．D本题考查数量词用法。a loaf of“一片”。that is on the top shelf修饰bread，所以用the loaf of。句意为：我能吃放在架子上的面包吗?
Part Ⅲ Identitication
46．A搭配错误，应改为in which。相当于in this respect。
48．C修饰错误，应改成a。在没有比较的情况下，用最高级是不合适的，经过改动，a most beautiful表示非常漂亮。
49．A重复错误，应改为what happens。no matter what=whatever。
50．B短语用法错误，应把of去掉。be proud of是固定搭配。有两种句型：be proud of+名词／代词，be proud+that从句。
52．D重复错误，应把because去掉。前面why已经是表示原因了。The reason why…is是固定句型，表示“做…的原因是”。
Part Ⅳ Cloze
56．B puzzled(adj．)“迷惑的，迷茫的”，主语应是人，would后跟动词原形，因此需接be；puzzling(adj．)“使人迷惑的、引起迷茫的”，主语应是物。因此选be puzzled。
59．D what相当于something that，可以引导主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句等。该句相当于…the things that they said。
60．C on the contrary表示对比，从前一句推出，此句应表达一种肯定的语气。因此可以先排除B和D。express“表达，表述”，后面应跟名词做宾语，因此选agreement。
66．A diplomat to+地方名，表示“被派到该地方的外交官”。
67．C tell sb．to do sth．表示“告诉某人做某事”，to后面需用动词原形。
68．D该段时态为一般过去式，下文The young diplomat repeated…说明外交官和司机之间产生了误会。由此推出shook是正确的。
70．B shake one’s head意为“摇头”。
72．C drive sb．to somewhere意为“开车送某人到某处”。
74．D in a loud／low voice意为“大声地／小声地说话”。
Part V Translation
81. As far as I am concerned, the sooner, the better.
82. It seems that man' s learning capacity is unlimited.
83. John claimed that he wouldn' t man~y until he found a good job.
84. A truck pulled into the snow-covered playground.
85. It' s no use grieving over past time.
Part V Writing
The Importance of Self-confidence
Self-confidence is very important to our life. As a wise man once said, "If you have no confi-
dence in yourself, you are twice defeated in the race of life. With confidence, you have won even
before you have started. "
If you are full of self-confidence, your creativeness, your enthusiasm will all be aroused, and you will overcome difficulties. As a result, your dreams will come true. On the contrary, if you have no confidence in yourself, there is little possibility that you would ever achieve anything.#p#分页标题#e# Failure will be following you. But self-confidence comes only when you know yourself. You should know both your weaknesses and strengths. Only after this can you be well in doing great things.
Try something you' ve never done before. Just taking on a challenge, whether you succeed or
not, can increase your confidence. In a word, self-confidence is greatly important to our success.
|上午||政治||大学语文 高等数学 查看详情>>|